Effects Of Simplified Physical Exercises On Diabetics.
Diabetes, referred to as diabetes mellitus often, is a group of metabolic diseases in which the blood sugar of a person is too high, either because his pancreas is not producing enough insulin or his body cells do not respond properly, or both.
There are three types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is where the body produces no insulin and is usually referred to as juvenile diabetes. Patients usually have to take insulin injections. Type 2 is where the insulin production is insufficient for proper functioning of the cells. Gestational diabetes affects females during pregnancy. This is due to the unusually high level of glucose in their blood. This is accompanied by inadequate response by the cells resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.
For diabetics, exercise has been proven to improve insulin sensitivity, lower glucose level and strengthen the heart. This also helps with the fact that exercise reduces body fat and improves cholesterol levels.Simplified exercises have been found to be extremely helpful to Type 1 diabetics. This is due to the fact that it improves insulin sensitivity and lowers blood pressure.
Strength training is also essential to increase muscle and reduce body fat.
However, precautions must be taken during the simple exercises. Diabetics have a higher risk of heart diseases and therefore they should see their physician before embarking on exercise.
Strenuous exercise could injure weakened blood vessels in the feet. This is because diabetes could come with complications such as neuropathy, ulcers or gangrene.
Simple exercises should also be regulated in people with proliferative retinopathy, an eye complication, due to the risk of retinal hemorrhage.
During exercise, glucose levels may swing unpredictably. Therefore, patients have to monitor their levels throughout the whole process of exercise. If the glucose levels are above 300mg/dl or under 100mg/dl, exercise should be stopped.
Hypoglycemia is another effect that occurs if a patient injects insulin in sites too close to the muscles they mostly use during exercise. It can also be avoided by taking plenty of fluids and avoiding alcohol and medications such as beta-blockers.
Exercise should therefore be continuous in nature and dedicated. It could include walking, swimming, cycling or stretching. However, the type and intensity of the preferred exercise depends on patient’s safety.